The objective of this study was to determine the effects of group art therapy when applying meditation to depression and communication of elderly participants with dementia. The study was conducted with dementia-diagnosed elderly over age 65, in J nursing home in G city; 20 elderly participants were selected using the Korean Geriatric Depression Scale and a communication scale. Ten participants were randomly assigned to the experimental group, and the other 10 were assigned to the control group. The therapy was conducted in 60 minutes a session, once a week for 16 weeks. The Korean Geriatric Depression Scale-a short, communication scale, and body-image were used as a pre- and post-test. The data were used to compare results before and after the test through RM-ANOVA. The changes of depression and communication were observed through formative analysis based on HTP-P, an analysis tool of pre- and post-test of body image. The changes of body image of 10 people were compared and described in before- and after observation records of art therapists and social workers. The results show that group art therapy that applies meditation had the positive effects fo decreasing the depression and improving communication in the elderly individuals with dementia. The study is meaningful in that it provides basic data regarding available ant therapy programs for the elderly individuals with dementia.