Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of early childhood teachers’ music attitude and emotional leadership on their music teaching efficacy in the music education.
Methods: 301 early childhood teachers answered the music attitude scale, music teaching efficacy belief instrument, emotional leadership scale, and questionnaire for socio-demographic characteristics and music experiences. Data were analyzed by t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson’s productive correlation analysis and hierarchical regression analysis.
Results: First, early childhood teachers had a higher music teaching efficacy in case of at least 10 years of teaching experiences period, having a post-graduate degree, having a music training experience, enjoying learning musical instruments and singing and listening to music during regular music lessons, and having a long music training experience. Similar results were derived from the subfactors of music teaching efficacy. Second, there were positive correlations(r=.172-.659, p<.001) in the total and subfactors scores among early childhood teachers’ music attitude, emotional leadership, and music teaching efficacy. Lastly, early childhood teachers’ music attitude and their emotional leadership were explained at 39~52 percent for their music teaching efficacy.
Conclusion/Implications: This study suggests that it is important for early childhood teachers’ perception of their belief, knowledge and feeling about music education.