Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of work-life balance on burnout according to gender among career couples, as well as the mediated effect of family resilience. The effect of family resilience was divided into the following subfactors: belief systems, organizational patterns and communication process. Methods: Data collected from 302 participants were statistically processed using SPSS/WIN 20 and SPSS PROCESS Macro 3.0. Results: First, the work-life balance of dual career couples (both men and women) affected the feeling of burnout. Second, the effect of work-life balance on burnout was significant, and family resilience affected burnout directly and indirectly among career couples. Third, for dual career men, the work-life balance had an indirect effect on the feeling of burnout, and the belief system was a mediating factor. For dual career women, organizational patterns were the mediating factor, and the work-life balance had an indirect effect on the feeling of burnout. Conclusions: By improving
families’ belief system and organization patterns, it is possible to improve career couples’ work-life balance and to reduce the feeling of burnout.