This work was an exploratory study that investigated what a safe school was and what the practice of
school social work and school social workers\' role was. For this purpose, We carried out literature review on
the definition of the school safety, conducted an e-mail survey for social workers and local social education
experts working at schools across the country, and carried out in-depth focus-group interviews. The
interviewees were 5 persons who had some experiences with school social work, and were engaged in
Educational Welfare programs, We-start programs, and community fund-raising activities. With them, we
explored the definition of the school safety, the conditions of school safety that were recognized by school
social workers, and the role of school social workers to keep school as safe environment.
The study results indicated that they recognized the school safety as a concept which not only included
physical safety but also included the meaning of psychological and emotional safety.
In other words, the school social workers\' perception on school safety included not only the safety against
crimes and accidents, but also safety networks of ecological environments including local society and homes as
well as schools where cultural differences and diversities were appreciated and mutual respect were
The research on the actual conditions of school safety revealed that the safety of schools, safety education,
and safety measures were not satisfactory, and the interviewees emphasized the importance of building network
between educators and local society. The interviewees also emphasized the roles of practitioners and educators
as well as the promotion of school social workers\' sensitivity to safety issue. Though it was an exploratory
study, this work was expected to further extend the debate on school social workers\' role on safe school, and
ultimately to build a foundation for promoting students\' quality of life for making schools that could be
trusted by parents and local society.