The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of group art therapy on therapeutic factors including cognitive. emotional. and behavioral factors. The comparative values of therapeutic factors were examined by submitting 'Revised Critical Incident Questionnaires' to group participants in 9 counseling groups which are called group art therapy.
80 female adolescents participated once in a week for two hours. and experienced total 20 hours through 10 sessions in group art therapy. After group termination, participants filled out "Revised Critical Incident Questionnaire" which originally Critical Incident Form(Bloch, Reibstein, Crouch‘ Holroyd & Themen.1979) was revised by the researchers of this study.
The results were as follows.
First, in a comparision of individual rankings, catharsis is a top-ranked factor, and self-disclosure, self-understanding, and universality rank high, whereas, vacarious learning, altruism, guidance, and instillation of hope rank low in our study.
Second， emotional factors were more emphasized than cognitive factors.