The purpose of this study is to examine the difference of income, social and psycho-emotional characteristics among single-parent family, youth-headed family, normal family children and children in institutional care using generalized measurement instrument. To measure psycho-social characteristics, Self-esteem Scale, Social Support Scale and K-YSR(Korean Youth Self Report of Behavior Problem Scale) were used. The results were analyzed by Chi-square and one-way ANOVA.
Important findings of this study are the following.
First, as for income, normal family children had more income than other group children. Second, children in institutional care showed lower grades than other children, but they showed higher satisfaction in school than other children. Third, as for social support, children in institutional care had less support than children in families. but they had more professional and teacher support than other children. Fourth there were no difference among the group in self esteem, internalizing problems, and externalizing problems. Finally, normal family children showed better future plans than other children. As a conclusion, social work programs to help raise income, to raise school grades, and to prepare independence were suggested.