This study was to make them express themselves with the indirect and safe communication through the art therapy and build self-confidence. Furthermore, this study was to execute the art therapy for the purpose of improving the relations with the mothers.
This study has executed the art therapy for total 8 sessions, and the children were cured until 5 sessions, and then this study was to execute the mother-son art therapy, intervening the mother who had the largest effect on the children and upbringing the children during 6-8 sessions. And, this research consulted with them through the telephone call one week later the children were discharged from the hospital.
In the first stage(1-2 sessions), it was a stage of inducing the interest in the formation of
rapport and art therapy with the children. The children became accustomed to the state of therapy and therapist step by step, making them being free to stable emotion and self-expression.
In the second stage(3-5 sessions), these stages were to make them express through doll
making dolls, squiggle technique like scribbling technique and free style painting, SDG and
HTP, a sort of picture tests for the purpose of inside expression and rebuilding their confidence through the symbolic art activities. After all, they began to search the media without hesitation and express their feelings and emotion by language.
In the third stage(6-8 sessions, consultation by telephone), this stage was to utilize the
techniques like making a pattern for the body image and look for the advantages each other
for the purpose of the communication with the children and mothers and the relation
improvement. In particular, in the 6 session that the mothers were intervened first, there
arose the mothers' self-insight and perception through the picture test. Taking this opportunity, the children came to understand their mothers, and the mothers came to reflect on their faults and sincerely receive and understand their children. Also, it started to communicate each other, and they came to terms with each other. After all, it has changed as aspects that they cooperated and respected individual thoughts each other during the session.
Accordingly, this study showed that the art therapy that the mothers were intervened had a positive effect on the children with selective mutism.
Key Word: Selective Mutism, Self-confidence, Improving the relations, Mother-son Art Therapy