The purpose of this study is to seek ways to reform laws on child abuse in Korea. For this purpose, first, it compared the structure and contents of the Korean and Japanese laws on family violence. This comparison shows that difference of basic concepts causes the confusion of legal system. It also compared the articles on child abuse in Korean ｢Child Welfare Act｣ with Japanese ｢Child Abuse Prevention Act｣.
Based on this comparison, it suggested some reform measures for Korean ｢Child Welfare Act｣ to prevent child abuse as follows. First, Korean legal system on family violence needs to be revised in order to avoid conceptual confusion. Secondly, the articles of Korean laws on child abuse needs to be modified and reinforced. For this, the authors suggested the enactment of an independent chapter on \'child abuse prevention\' in ｢Child Welfare Act｣, which strengthens prevention measures against child abuse and re-abuse, protection and support for abused children, family counseling and therapy, legal measures against parental authority misuse.