The purpose of this paper is to analyze and compare of the changes of the
Japanese child care system, and its financial support scheme through the new law.
The new law which named "The Three Laws Related to Child Care and Children"
("The three Laws") was enacted in 2012 and, would be enforced in 2015. This has
been evaluated highly as a comprehensive alternative to the Japanese trial and error
For this purpose, I analyzed the current situation and problems of the Japanese
system and scheme, and compared their changes and differences after "The three
Laws" in Japan. I believe that we can discover many improvements for our own child
care system and scheme in Korea.
The current Japanese system and scheme has had many problems, including parents
who feel the difficulties of the child-rearing under the age of 3, restricted admission
criteria to children who lack child care, confusing and complex problems of the
current benefits scheme, the problem of the waiting list of children of publicly
certified day care center in urban areas, capacity crack problems of wanting due to
low birth rate in rural areas, etc.
The Japanese government considered and discussed for about 3 years to solve these
problems and enacted "The Three Laws". There have been many improvements and
changes due to these new laws, such as;,
①Changing the admission criteria to all children who are necessary for caring, ②
Unifying the financial Benefits Scheme, ③Providing child care services based on
community for child-caring parents, ④Changing the legal position and function of the
Japanese preschool as a child welfare facility and school, ⑤Resolving the funding
problem, by raising the consumption tax to fund child care. This means that as all
of society will take responsibilities of child care-related works and costs, ⑥Providing
advantages over day care centers within a workplace, non-certified or small childcare
center and expanding public support and flexible operation for those child care centers, etc.
Key words : child