Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of child abuse,
children's peer attachment and self-esteem on children's depression/anxiety. In
addition, the mediating role of children's peer attachment and self-esteem between
child abuse and children's depression/anxiety was investigated.
Methods: Using the data of 396 children in grades 4~6 from the Korean
Welfare Panel Study (2015), this study was conducted by applying Structural
Equation Modeling (SEM).
Results: The results of this study were as follows. First, child abuse had a direct
influence on children's depression/anxiety, and self-esteem. Second, children's
self-esteem had a direct influence on depression/anxiety. Third, children's self-esteem
had mediating effects on the relationship between child abuse and children’s
depression/anxiety. Fourth, children's peer relationships had a direct influence on
self-esteem. But, children's peer attachment did not have a direct influence on
depression/anxiety. The effect of children's peer attachment on their depression/
anxiety was partially mediated by children's self-esteem.
Conclusion/Implications: In conclusion, child abuse, children’s peer attachment
and self-esteem have a direct or indirect impact on the depression/anxiety of