The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of group art therapy program using korean
painting materials on prosocial behavior and self-expression in the low-income children. The subjects were
12 students who were from the fourth grade to the sixth grade of D Elementary School in S City. Six
students were randomly selected for the experimental group, while the other six became the control group.
The program was composed of 12 weekly 60-minutes sessions from the late March to the early June in
2014. The researcher conducted the program in the art room of D Elementary School, which was designed
in order to improve prosocial behavior and self-expression. Changes in statistical data on prosocial behavior
and self-expression were tracked before and after the program ended through quantitative and qualitative
analyses. The results indicated that first, prosocial behavior. Second, self-expression was improved in terms
of the statistical analysis as well as the content analysis. The control group did not improved. As a result,
the group art therapy program using korean painting materials had a positive effect on prosocial behavior
and self-expression of the low-income family in the experimental group.