The purpose of this study was to examine the multicultural sensitivity of early childhood teachers, their perception on the purpose of multicultural education and any possible differences in those regards according to their background variables in an effort to determine the influence of the multicultural sensitivity of early childhood teachers and their perception on the purpose of multiculitural education on multicultural sensitivity, as the two variables were closely bound up with multicultural teaching efficacy. The subjects in this study were 283 selected early childhood teachers. The findings of the study were as follows: First, as for perception on the purpose of multicultural education, caring-centered perception was most common among the early childhood teachers, and their scores in multicultural sensitivity were a little above average. Second, there were significant differences among the teachers in multicultural sensitivity and perception on the purpose of multicultural education according to career, age and academic credential. Third, multicultural sensitivity and four perceptions on the purpose of multicultural education had a significant positive correlation with multicultural teaching efficacy. Multicultural sensitivity exerted the largest influence on multicultural teaching efficacy. Among the four perceptions of the purpose of multicultural education, caring-centered perception and social action-centered one turned out to have an impact on the subvariables of multicultural teaching efficacy. This study will provide basic information to prepare some solutions that enforce ealry childhood teachers’ mulitucultutral education ability by improving their multicultural teaching efficacy.